The Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá is an underground Roman Catholic church built within the tunnels of a salt mine 200 meters underground in a Halite mountain near the town of Zipaquirá, in Cundinamarca, Colombia. It is a very popular tourist destination and place of pilgrimage in the country.
From the ceremonial square, the descend to the depth, toward the interior of the Salt Cathedral, stars through the sacret axis "the oak´s tunnel"; this route prepares the pilgrim in the accesis transition from the external world, to the conceptual internal world as a destination. The entrance is a big crack representing a trip from the material to the inmaterial, from the terrestrial to the spiritual.
The descend towards the cathedral is slow, during this journey, the notion of time, light, heat, sound, color, wind and movement are diluted. It is a route that takes you to a new interior vision, a permanent underground world that invites you to meditation, reflection and contemplation... It is an authentic and unique experience.
The temple at the bottom has three sections, representing the birth, life, and death of Jesus. The icons, ornaments and architectural details are hand carved in the halite rock. Some marble sculptures are included.
The Salt Cathedral is considered one of the most notable achievements of Colombian architecture. Also it has been denominated as "Jewel of Modern Architecture". The cathedral represents for the Colombian people a valuable cultural, environmental and religious patrimony.